Rohimmi Noor, Rosli Talif, Zanyar Kareem Abdul


This paper provides various discussions and opinions on stream of consciousness in general and how it has flourished from its origins until modern times and its appearance in modern novels. The present paper includes several parts: stream of consciousness according to critics, how the concept has flourished in the history of the modern novel and its sources, including the novelists who developed it. In addition, psychoanalytical discussion is considered according to the Freudian theory of dream work and its relation to this research. The main aim in this paper is to make readers understand the modern concept of stream of consciousness in the context of modern novels and its psychological consequences according to Freudian psychological theory. In discussions of stream of consciousness, Joyce’s contributions should be emphasized because he developed the technique (Steinberg 7). Joyce and his brother, Sianislaus, worked on a type of writing employing stream of consciousness. This paper also touches on some other authors connected lo stream of consciousness, such as Woolf and Richardson, and briefly discusses their impact on the literary world.



Full Text:



Bentley, P. (1947). Some Observations on the Art of Narrative. New York: Macmillan.

Bergson, H. (1934). Matieret memoire. Paris: Alcan.

Bowling, E. L. “What is the Steam of Consciousness Technique?” PMAL 65.4 (1950): 333-345.

Dahl, L. (1970). Linguistic Features of the Stream- of-Consciousness techniques of James Joyce, Virginia Woolf and Eugene O’neill. Diss. Finland: Turku.

Dick, S. (1989). Virginia Woolf New York: Chapman.

Dobie, B. A. (1971). “Early Stream of Consciousness Writing: Great Expectations.Nineteen-Century Fiction 25(4), 405-416.

Dujardin, E. (1931). Les Monologue Interieur. Paris: Albert Messein.

Edel, L. (1955). The Psychological Novel 1900-1950. New York: Lippincott.

Friedman, M. (1955). Stream of Consciousness: A Study in Literary Method. New Haven: Yale University.

Freud, S. (1938). The Interpretation of Dreams. New York: Liveright Publishing.

Humphrey, R. (1954). Stream of Consciousness in the Modern Novel. Berkeley: University of California Press.

James, W. (1890). The Principle of Psychology. New York: Henry Holt.

Joyce, J. (1975). Finnegans Wake. London: Whistable.

Joyce, J. (1964). The Portrait of an Artist as a Young Man. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Joyce, J. (1960). Ulysses. London: Bodley Head.

Jung, C. (1916). Psychology of the Unconscious. New York: Yard.

Jung, C. (1934). Modern Man in Search of a Soul. London: Trubner.

Korzybski, A. ( 1948). Science and Sanity. Lakeville: Conn.

Kumar, K. (1962).Bergson and the Stream of Consciousness Novel. London: Blackie.

O’Neill, E. (1923). Strange Interlude. London: Penguin.

Richardson, D. (1915).Pointed Roofs. London: Duckworth.

Sang, Y. (2010). “An Analysis of Stream of Consciousness Technique in To the Lighthouse.” Asian Social Science, 6(9), 173-179.

Souvage, J. (1965). An Introduction to the Study of Novel. Ghent: Ghent University Press.

Steinberg, R. Erwin. (1979). Stream of Consciousness Technique in the Modern Novel. NY: Kennikat.

Stern, L. (1911). T ristram Shandy, Vol I-H: London.

Thrall, F .W, and Hibbard, A. (1960). A Handbook to Literature. New York: Odyssey Print.

West, P. (1963). The Modern Novel. London: Hutchinson, Vol. I.

Woolf, V. (1925). Mrs Dalloway. London: Penguin.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24200/mjll.vol2iss1pp107-119


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Attribution -CC BY

This journal and its content is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Flag Counter